Numismatic Catalog of Venezuela
Cheng's Numismatic .
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Terms of use

This is a research, academic, cultural, scientific, non-profit and non-commercial personal website about Venezuelan Numismatic.

It was created to identify, catalog, show information about monetary pieces and to maintain a historical memory.

The results of the research is provided for free as personal contribution to numismatic. The information is based on own research and contributions from numismatic community.

The information of this website is subject to terms of usage.

Usage agreement

These terms apply to and affect your use of this website. By using this website, you implicitly agree to the Usage agreement described on this page.

  1. A reference to this site must be made when using any information on this site.
  2. It is allowed to use piece identification codes to identify pieces.
  3. It is allowed to use the information for informational purposes.
  4. It is allowed to store the information provided for personal use purposes.
  5. It is prohibited to use the referential images of pieces contained in this website for another use outside the website. These images are for exclusive use on this website for illustrative and referential purposes. It cannot be used or transferred to third parties without permission from the respective owners.
  6. It is prohibited to use any information, images or resources for fraudulent or illicit commercial activities.
  7. It is forbidden to duplicate, mix or adapt the information or resources provided in another way to be offered commercially.
  8. It is prohibited to duplicate, mix, adapt or modify the information, image or resources provided for the dissemination of false information, the creation of a disinformation matrix or other actions that may violate morality or harm to public or inhabitants.
  9. It is prohibited to access this website with the intention of damaging, disabling or interfering with its operation.
Intellectual property rights
  1. The information, cataloging method, piece identification code, design and other graphic elements are intellectual property.
  2. Images of pieces are the intellectual property of their respective owners.
  3. Images of pieces without credits are reserved intellectual property. This may be due to:
    • The owner requested not to be accredited.
    • There is no record of the owner.
    • It was not possible to obtain information or contact the owner.
    • It is anonymous sources
    • It is non-creditable sources.
    • Other non-specific reasons.
  4. There are images of pieces or illustrations that are provided by their owners for exclusive use on the website. It does not imply that this website has the right to transfer its use to third parties. Interested parties must request permission from their respective owners for use outside of this website.

This website contains information and graphic elements from various bibliographies and other websites, used under the premise of Fair Use, Reasonable Use or Legitimate Use, for research, academic and informational purpose, not for profit, not for commercial purposes, and not intended to harm intellectual property. The information and images are accredited as far as possible and bibliographies are recommended to expand and read for further information, although many are outdated. The scarcity and limited availability of recommended bibliography is a public and notorious fact.

Disclaimers and exclusion of liability
  1. The website, the information on this site and the facilities that allows its operation is provided "as is, as available", without specific or implied warranty.
  2. Due to missing official information, there may be errors or information inaccuracy.
  3. There are estimated amount and intervals information that may change according the researches.
  4. It disclaims any liability for any damage caused by the use of the information offered.
  5. It disclaims any liability resulting from the adding, modification, update or remove of information or piece.
  6. It disclaims any liability for inaccuracies, omissions or errors in the information.
  7. It disclaims any liability for any item or product sold by affiliated portals.
  8. It disclaims any liability for website failure.
Links to third party websites
  1. The website may display links to third parties. We are not responsible for the content of the linked website. The display of those links does not imply endorsement of this website to any content that the linked website contains.
  2. The website may display ads which the content is out of the responsibility of this website and does not imply the endorsement to the content.
  3. The links of third parties does not imply a commitment to the linked website, only as a wat to acknowledge for the support to this website and the research.
Changes to terms of use
These Terms of Use may be modified from time to time without notice. Any modifications to these Terms of Use will be effective upon posting. Your continued use of the Site after any modifications to the Terms of Use indicates your acceptance of the modified Terms of Use
Explanatory note
  1. This is a personal research website.
  2. It does not commercialize piece.
  3. It does not have nor handle information about the value of a piece.
  4. It does not belong nor have relationship nor link with any organization, government institution or monetary authority.
  5. It cannot offer nor help with pieces appraisal because it is focused on research.
  6. There are estimated amount and intervals information that may change according the researches.
  7. The information of issues, amount and serial interval provided CANNOT be taken as official information, specially estimated ones, which are most issues since 2007 and private banks pieces before the creation the Central Bank.
  8. The estimated information is based upon researches and information gathering by registering and following pieces from many areas.